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Cough, runny nose, and sorethroat: read to understand what happened

What brings on a cough, a runny nose, and other cold symptoms?

Virus infections frequently result in these symptoms. The symptoms of a cold can be brought on by a variety of viruses entering your mouth, throat, or airways.

The majority of people recover from colds without any long-term issues. But a cold can still be uncomfortable.

Additionally, some cold symptoms can also be brought on by other diseases including the flu or the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19).

Read more: All you need to know about the Flu → Know99

Read more: All you need to know about COVID 19 → Know99

What signs and symptoms indicate a common cold?

The signs consist of:

  • Sneezing
  • Coughing
  • unny nose and sniffling
  • Sorethroat
  • Chest discomfort

The typical cold can also raise a child’s temperature. However, individuals typically do not develop a temperature when they have a cold. While sneezing may be less frequent in COVID-19, several symptoms of the common cold and COVID-19 can coexist.

When should I see the nurse or doctor?

If you reside in a region where COVID-19 is prevalent, speak to your doctor or nurse. They will enquire about your symptoms and any risks before moving forward. If you need to be tested for the virus that causes COVID-19, they can advise you on that. They can advise you to stay at home and get in touch with them again if your symptoms change or get worse if they believe you are more likely to just have a cold.

Additionally, if any of the following apply to you:

  • Lose the ability to taste or smell
  • Have a temperature over 100.4 °F (38 °C) accompanied by shaking chills, a loss of appetite, or breathing difficulties
  • Severe sore throat
  • Having lung condition like emphysema or asthma
  • Cough that last for more than ten days or starts to get worse
  • Chest pain, difficulty breathing, or cough up blood when you cough or breathe deeply
  • Any time you have a persistent cough, especially if you are older than 65 or have a chronic illness like diabetes, you should speak with your doctor or nurse.
Go to the emergency room with your kid if they:
  • Become perplexed or cease addressing you
  • Have breathing issues or have to exert effort to breathe
Contact your child’s doctor or nurse if the child:
  • loses their sense of smell or taste, or refuses to eat items they used to eat
  • Has a severe sore throat.
  • Refuses to drink anything.
  • Less than four months old
  • Feverish and not acting like themselves
  • Cough that lasts for more than two weeks and either gets worse or stays the same.
  • Runny or congested nose that grows worse after 10 days or stays the same.
  • Yellow goop protruding from their eyes or red eyes.
  • Has ear pain, tugs at their ears, or exhibits other symptoms consistent with an ear infection

What can I do to feel better?

You can try over-the-counter cough and cold medications if you’re an adult or a teen. Your symptoms might be relieved by these medications. However, they won’t treat your cold or make you feel better any faster.

Follow the instructions on the label if you decide to try non-prescription cold medications. Avoid mixing 2 or more acetaminophen-containing medications. The medication acetaminophen can harm your liver if you use it in excess.

Inquire with your pharmacist about the safety of taking the cold remedy you want to try if you also have a heart issue, high blood pressure, or you take any prescription medications.

Antibiotics won’t help because viruses are typically the cause of colds.

To feel better, you can try the following things:

  • To stay hydrated, consume plenty of liquids (water, juice, or broth). If you have a runny nose or are sweating due to a fever, this will help you make up any fluids you may have lost. A painful throat might be relieved by drinking hot tea or soup.
  • Use a humidifier if the air in your home seems dry. This can ease breathing difficulties and alleviate a stuffy nose
  • Saline nasal spray or drops can also be used to ease congestion.

What should I be aware of if my kid has the flu?

The common cold frequently affects children more severely than it does adults. The duration is also lengthier. In addition, children frequently develop a fever in the first three days of a cold.

Are youngsters safe to take cough and cold medications?

You shouldn’t give your child any cold medications if they are under the age of six. Young children should not take these drugs. Cough and cold medications probably won’t help, even if your child is older than 6.

Never administer aspirin to a youngster under the age of 18. Reye syndrome is a potentially fatal illness that can develop in children who take aspirin. Never provide more than the suggested dose of acetaminophen or other over-the-counter medications to your child.

Instead of giving your child medication, encourage them to drink lots of water, use a humidifier, or use saline nasal drops to clear up congestion.

How much time will I be ill?

While the typical duration of a cold is 3 to 7 days for adults and 10 days for kids, some people can experience symptoms for up to 2 weeks.

Can the ordinary cold result in more severe issues?

Yes, in some instances. Having a cold in certain persons can result in:

  • Infected ears
  • An increase in asthma symptoms
  • Nasal infections
  • The flu or bronchitis (infections of the lungs)

How can I avoid getting a cold again?

The most crucial action you can do is to regularly wash your hands with soap and water. Additionally, this can stop the spread of COVID-19 and the flu.

The common cold virus can survive for at least two hours on surfaces like doors, tables, and knobs. One never knows when they may be touching bacteria. Because of this, it’s crucial to regularly wash your hands.

Additionally, it’s crucial to avoid contact with others when you’re ill. You can think about using a face mask when you must be around people. This will aid in limiting the spread of disease.

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